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JAYPEE JOURNALS
International Scientific Journals from Jaypee
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1.  ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Physics Forceps vs Conventional Forceps in Extraction of Maxillary 1st Molar
Satish Madathanapalli, Sanidhya Surana, Deepak Thakur, Pooja Ramnani, Sheetal Kapse
[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:85] [Pages No:29-32] [No of Hits : 489]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10051-0008 | FREE

ABSTRACT

In recent years, there has been an increased emphasis on the atraumatic removal of teeth. The Physics Forceps are the latest innovation in dental extraction technology and they provide an efficient means for atraumatic dental extractions. We compared the Physics Forceps with the conventional forceps for the removal of maxillary 1st molars in 30 patients under the following parameters time taken, postoperative pain on 3rd-5th-7th day, incidence of crown/root/buccal plate fracture during extraction. There was a significant difference pertaining to the time taken (p = 0.006) and pain on the 3rd postoperative day (p = 0.031). There were no other significant differences between the groups in any other variable studied. On comparing all of the aforementioned parameters, we have found that the utility of the instrument is better in comparison to the conventional forceps.

Keywords: Atraumatic extraction, Conventional forceps, Maxillary 1st molar, Physics forceps.

How to cite this article: Madathanapalli S, Surana S, Thakur D, Ramnani P, Kapse S. Physics Forceps vs Conventional Forceps in Extraction of Maxillary 1st Molar. Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(1):29-32.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
2.  ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Physics Forceps: A New Sensation in Exodontia?
Soumen Mandal, Shriparna Biswas Mandal, Vaibhav Kamal, Avanindra Kumar, Kamna Gorka, Avanish Kumar
[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:85] [Pages No:45-47] [No of Hits : 462]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10051-0011 | FREE

ABSTRACT

The study was conducted to investigate and compare the prevalence of complication (laceration of soft tissue) and time taken for a simple tooth extraction with the help of a universal extraction forceps and a physics forceps for mandibular singlerooted tooth. We organized a double-blind, randomized trial to compare the outcome of two groups (n = 50 mandibular single-rooted teeth). The physics forceps group had lower time coefficient (mean ± standard deviation of 1.868 ± 1.503), and when laceration was compared among the two groups, the p value came to be 0.032.

Aim: To evaluate and determine the efficacy of the physics forceps in nonsurgical mandibular single-rooted tooth extraction.

Keywords: Atraumatic extraction, Extraction forceps, Newer advancements, Operative complication, Physics forceps.

How to cite this article: Mandal S, Mandal SB, Kamal V, Kumar A, Gorka K, Kumar A. Physics Forceps: A New Sensation in Exodontia? Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(1):45-47.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
3.  CASE REPORT
Broken File Retrieval: Puzzle in Endodontics
Anil K Tomer, Sagarika Muni, Gaurav Bharadwaj, Nidhi Malik
[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:85] [Pages No:75-78] [No of Hits : 334]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10051-0017 | FREE

ABSTRACT

The most common endodontic mishap that eventually occurs during any root canal therapy is the separation of instrument inside the canal. The separated instrument influences the final outcome and prognosis of the root canal therapy. It hinders the cleaning and shaping procedures as well as the irrigation of the canal portion apical to the level of obstruction. When an attempt to bypass such a fragment becomes difficult, it is advised to retrieve it by mechanical devices. This clinical case report describes the usage of three different techniques for retrieval of separated instrument.

Keywords: Braiding technique, Instrument retrieval, Instrument separation.

How to cite this article: Tomer AK, Muni S, Bharadwaj G, Malik N. Broken File Retrieval: Puzzle in Endodontics. Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(1):75-78.

Source of support: Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, DJ College of Dental Science and Research Centre, Modinagar, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Conflict of interest: None

 
4.  ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Open Reduction and Internal Fixation in Pediatric Mandibular Fractures: A Report of 10 Cases and Review of Literature
Arjun K Gopinath, Joy R Das, Prasanth Panicker, Arun Narayanan
[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:85] [Pages No:11-15] [No of Hits : 325]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10051-0004 | FREE

ABSTRACT

A pediatric facial trauma patient provides several different considerations that are not present in an adult. First, the pediatric patient has the advantage of an accelerated ability to heal in a very short time with few complications, aided by the well-vascularized tissues of the face. Second, through the assistance of growth and an inherent ability to adapt, recovery of damaged orofacial tissues and function is much better than in adults. The aim of this study was to prospectively analyze the effect of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) for treating various pediatric mandibular fractures and evaluating the advantages and disadvantages of ORIF along with the assessment of any complications in a series of 10 cases. We also reviewed various papers on pediatric mandibular fractures.

Keywords: Closed reduction, Malunion, ORIF, Pediatric mandibular fractures, Plate and screw system.

How to cite this article: Gopinath AK, Das JR, Panicker P, Narayanan A. Open Reduction and Internal Fixation in Pediatric Mandibular Fractures: A Report of 10 Cases and Review of Literature. Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(1):11-15.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: Noen

 
5.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Myobraces: Say No to Traditional Braces
Isha Aggarwal, Manu Wadhawan, Vishesh Dhir
[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:85] [Pages No:82-85] [No of Hits : 315]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10051-0019 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Comprehensive research has shown that mouth breathing, tongue thrusting, reverse swallowing, and thumb sucking are known as incorrect myofunctional habits that are the real causes of malocclusion. These habits limit the child’s craniofacial development resulting in orthodontic problems. Myobraces are the orthodontic appliances that are preformed functional orthodontic device, especially used in interceptive orthodontic cases. Its mechanism of action is a combination of a functional device, positioners, and a myofunctional therapy device. These appliances straighten the teeth as well as correct the development of jaws and any adverse oral habits that are caused due to underdeveloped jaws. The purpose of this study is to describe the appliance, in particular its structural characteristics and its mechanism of action.

Keywords: Myobraces, Myofunctional, Trainer system.

How to cite this article: Aggarwal I, Wadhawan M, Dhir V. Myobraces: Say No to Traditional Braces. Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(1):82-85.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
6.  ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Effect of Indian Chromatogens on Color Stability of commercially Available Different Tooth Colored Provisional Restorative Materials: An in vitro Study
Darshana P Munde, Usha MR
[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:85] [Pages No:58-66] [No of Hits : 258]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10051-0014 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: To compare and evaluate color stability of different types of tooth colored provisional restorative materials in tea, tobacco, and sambhar solution over a period of 1, 2, and 4 weeks. Statement of problem: The effect of tea, tobacco, and sambhar solution on provisional restorative materials still remains unknown.

Materials and methods: Thirty disk-shaped specimens (20 × 2 ± 0.5 mm) were prepared from heat-polymerized (DPI heat cure), autopolymerized (DPI self-cure) polymethyl methacrylate, and light-polymerized (Revotek LC) resin composite provisional restorative material each, using a circular metal mold. Staining solutions used were tea, tobacco, and sambhar. Artificial saliva was used as control. Specimens were divided into three groups (n = 10) and were evaluated for color change at an interval of 1, 2, and 4 weeks. Color was measured as CIEL*a*b* with a spectrophotometer. Color change (ΔE) was calculated and the data was analyzed with ANOVA and post hoc (Tukey) test (α < 0.05).

Results: The interactions of provisional restorative materials, staining solutions, and the duration of exposure to the staining solutions were statistically significant. Light-polymerized provisional restorative materials showed the highest change in color after 1, 2, and 4 weeks of immersion in the staining solutions, whereas heat-polymerized provisional restorative materials showed the least change in color. Among the staining solutions, sambhar solution showed the highest staining ability followed by tea, whereas tobacco solution showed the least staining ability.

Conclusion: The heat-polymerized provisional restorative material tested was most color stable and the sambhar solution exhibited the highest staining capacity.

Keywords: Color stability, Provisional restorative materials, Sambhar solution, Tea solution, Tobacco solution.

How to cite this article: Munde P Darshana, MR Usha. Effect of Indian Chromatogens on Color Stability of commercially Available Different Tooth Colored Provisional Restorative Materials: An in vitro Study. Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(1):58-66.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
7.  ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Importance of Cheiloscopy
Avanindra Kumar, Swami Nand Prasad, Vaibhav Kamal, Swati Priya, Mukesh Kumar, Avanish Kumar
[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:85] [Pages No:48-52] [No of Hits : 254]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10051-0012 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Background and objectives: The professional moral of a dental surgeon is not only to treat the oral diseases of the community but also to serve its other legal services. Forensic odontology needs dental records for forensic identification, involving different and less-known techniques. These data can probably be fast and reliable processes in comforting the system and a person’s life.

Keywords: Cheiloscopy, Forensic identification, Forensic odontology, Lip prints.

How to cite this article: Kumar A, Prasad SN, Kamal V, Priya S, Kumar M, Kumar A. Importance of Cheiloscopy. Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(1):48-52.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
8.  ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Comparative Evaluation of Apical Microleakage of Various Obturation Techniques using Single Cone Gutta-percha, Lateral Condensation, Obtura, Calamus and Thermafil by Dye Penetration Method
Anil K Tomer, Satyabrat Banerjee, Gaurav Bhardwaj, Nidhi Malik, Sagarika Muni, Sandeep Rana
[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:85] [Pages No:4-7] [No of Hits : 244]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10051-0002 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: To determine the linear apical microleakage of various obturation techniques: Lateral condensation, single cone, obtura, calamus, and thermafil with different file systems using dye penetration.

Materials and methods: A total of 150 single canalled teeth were collected for this study. The teeth were prepared by three file systems and obturated with five obturation techniques. Dye penetration method was used for apical microleakage.

Results: Calamus and thermafil showed less leakage than other obturation techniques.

Conclusion: Both thermafil and calamus are reliable obturation techniques.

Keywords: Apical microleakage, Calamus, Lateral condenation, Obturation techniques, Thermafil.

How to cite this article: Tomer AK, Banerjee S, Bhardwaj G, Malik N, Muni S, Rana S. Comparative Evaluation of Apical Microleakage of Various Obturation Techniques using Single Cone Gutta-percha, Lateral Condensation, Obtura, Calamus and Thermafil by Dye Penetration Method. Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(1):4-7.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
9.  ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Debapriya Pradhan, Sachin C Gugawad, Namrata N Gaonkar Evaluation of the Salivary and Serum Glucose Levels in Diabetes Mellitus Patients: A Comparative Study
Avanindra Kumar, Mukesh Kumar, Vaibhav Kamal, Soumen Mandal, Kamna Gorka, Avanish Kumar
[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:85] [Pages No:39-44] [No of Hits : 219]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10051-0010 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Background and objectives: Diabetes mellitus is a common chronic metabolic disorder that affects millions of people. The prevalence of diabetes for all age groups worldwide was estimated to be 2.8% in 2000 and may reach 4.4% by 2030. Additionally, the diabetic population is expected to rise from 171 million in 2000 to 3666 million by 2030. Recent World Health Organization calculations indicated that worldwide almost 3 million deaths per year are attributed to diabetes, equivalent to 5.2% of all deaths. The objective of this study is to evaluate and compare the salivary and serum glucose levels in diabetes mellitus individuals.

Materials and methods: Two milliliter saliva and serum samples were collected. Both samples were centrifuged at 2000 rpm for 2 to 3 minutes. With the help of a micropipette, 1 ml of the glucose reagent was taken into the other test tube. Then 10 μl of the supernatant sample was taken out and added to the glucose reagent. This was kept in a temperature-controlled water bath at 37°C for 10 minutes. The color change was noted and the optical density was measured in a semiautoanalyzer.

Results: Glucose is present in saliva of both diabetic and nondiabetic subjects. Glucose level increases in diabetic patients.

Conclusion: Concentration of glucose in saliva increases with the increase in serum glucose concentration. A significant correlation was seen between salivary and serum glucose level in diabetic as well as nondiabetic subjects.

Keywords: Diabetes, Saliva, Serum.

How to cite this article: Kumar A, Kumar M, Kamal V, Mandal S, Gorka K, Kumar A. Evaluation of the Salivary and Serum Glucose Levels in Diabetes Mellitus Patients: A Comparative Study. Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(1):39-44.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
10.  ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Evaluation of Mandibular Nerve Block: A Clinical Study
Anjani Kumar Jha
[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volume:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:85] [Pages No:1-3] [No of Hits : 214]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10051-0001 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Clinical evaluation of the mandibular nerve block using various parameters.

Materials and methods: Inferior alveolar, lingual and long buccal branches of the mandibular nerve were blocked using 2% lignocaine hydrochloride with 1:80,000 epinephrine in a group of 100 healthy adult male patients who underwent surgical removal of impacted mandibular 3rd molar after obtaining written consent. Each of these patients was evaluated for various parameters, such as distribution of anesthesia, pain on injection, onset of action, and order of anesthesia following standard protocol.

Results: Out of the 100 patients who were given mandibular nerve block, pulpal anesthesia was achieved in all the patients. About 99% of the patients experienced lip anesthesia, 90% tongue anesthesia, 68% had cheek anesthesia, and only 37% experienced anesthesia of the chin. Moderate pain was experienced in 2% of the patients and the rest 98% had mild pain on injection. Minimum time for the onset of anesthesia was 0.5 minutes and the maximum time was 10 minutes. The cheek was the first to experience anesthesia, followed by the lip, tongue, and chin.

Conclusion: Our study would be of considerable help in understanding the various parameters, such as distribution of anesthesia, pain on injection, order of anesthesia, and onset of anesthesia. This in turn would reduce the unnecessary repetition of the nerve block and its associated complications.

Keywords: Inferior alveolar nerve block, Local anesthesia, Mandibular.

How to cite this article: Jha AK. Evaluation of Mandibular Nerve Block: A Clinical Study. Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(1):1-3.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
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