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ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Nagesh Bhat, Pratibha Sultane, Sakshi Chhabra, Somesh Choudhary, Nandini Sen, Jolly Thakker, Deekshita Patel, Reenu Joshi

Assessment of Patient Satisfaction toward Dental Care Services of Patients visiting Dental Schools in Udaipur, Rajasthan, India

[Year:2017] [Month:January-March] [Volumn:5 ] [Number:1] [Pages:81] [Pages No:34-41][No of Hits : 573]


ABSTRACT

Introduction: Dental problems are normal now a days. Major and minor oral and dental problems require dental schools and hospital services for overall population. Patient satisfaction with dental care also will impact the future usage of the utilization of dental services.

Objective: To assess the patient satisfaction towards the quality of dental care services provided by dental schools, Udaipur, Rajasthan.

Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 300 hundred patients’ of two recognized dental schools of Udaipur, Rajasthan. Self-administered structured questionnaire was used to measure the criteria affecting patient’s satisfaction according to Patient’s knowledge, Patientdentist interaction, Technical competency (TC), Administrative efficiency (AE), dental school set-up environment (DS). Percentages, means and standard deviation were calculated for qualitative and quantitative data. Chi-square test (X2) was performed to statistically analyze qualitative data. A p-value of 0.05 was considered.

Results: Highly significant difference was found between the association of place (rural and urban) and characteristics of four discipline of satisfaction.

Conclusion: The outcomes showed that the patient was satisfied by the patient-dentist interaction, TC, AE and DS. This survey provided a means of assessing satisfaction of the patients currently receiving treatment in the Dental schools. The results could facilitate focusing on patient complaints and attending to the concerns of dissatisfied patients.

Keywords: Dental services, Health care quality, Patient satisfaction.

How to cite this article: Bhat N, Sultane P, Chhabra S, Choudhary S, Sen N, Thakker J, Patel D, Joshi R. Assessment of Patient Satisfaction toward Dental Care Services of Patients visiting Dental Schools in Udaipur, Rajasthan, India. Int J Oral Care Res 2017;5(1):34-41.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Ajay Narayan, Suraj J Thomas, Augustine Daniel, Sabba Fatima, Renu A Mathew

An Overview of Oral Health in India: Current Scenario and Challenges

[Year:2016] [Month:October-December] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:4] [Pages:78] [Pages No:280-283][No of Hits : 3930]


ABSTRACT

India is the largest democracy and the second most populated country in the world. However, more than 70% of the people of India are residing in the villages. As far as dentists and their availability are concerned, to this huge population, the demand and supply ratio is far inadequate and insufficient. The dentists/ population ratio of India, on date, is 1:10,000. However, the reality is that in rural India, 1 dentist is serving over a population of 250,000. Thus, the real picture is not that simple as it seems. As we are about to step into the next decade, there lies an urgent need to analyze the dental work force of the country and to study the scope and future of dentistry in the coming years. Oral public health issues are grossly neglected in a developing country like India, the primary reason to which is the nonlife-threatening nature of oral health problems. Indian state governments are already financially overburdened to acknowledge the burden of orodental problems and its connection with the systemic health. State governments lack the capability to provide oral health services to all. So this review is mainly focusing on the current issues and strategies on dental workforce.

Keywords: Dental education, Dental homes, Dental manpower, Oral health, Teledentistry.

How to cite this article: Narayan A, Thomas SJ, Daniel A, Fatima S, Mathew RA. An Overview of Oral Health in India: Current Scenario and Challenges. Int J Oral Care Res 2016; 4(4):280-283.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Isha Aggarwal, Manu Wadhawan, Vishesh Dhir

Myobraces: Say No to Traditional Braces

[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:85] [Pages No:82-85][No of Hits : 1883]


ABSTRACT

Comprehensive research has shown that mouth breathing, tongue thrusting, reverse swallowing, and thumb sucking are known as incorrect myofunctional habits that are the real causes of malocclusion. These habits limit the child’s craniofacial development resulting in orthodontic problems. Myobraces are the orthodontic appliances that are preformed functional orthodontic device, especially used in interceptive orthodontic cases. Its mechanism of action is a combination of a functional device, positioners, and a myofunctional therapy device. These appliances straighten the teeth as well as correct the development of jaws and any adverse oral habits that are caused due to underdeveloped jaws. The purpose of this study is to describe the appliance, in particular its structural characteristics and its mechanism of action.

Keywords: Myobraces, Myofunctional, Trainer system.

How to cite this article: Aggarwal I, Wadhawan M, Dhir V. Myobraces: Say No to Traditional Braces. Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(1):82-85.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Renu A Mathew, Ajay Narayan, Eldho Babu, Vinnimary Oommen, Hisham Ibrahim, Sabba Fatima

Pit and Fissure Sealants: A Recent Advancement

[Year:2016] [Month:October-December] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:4] [Pages:78] [Pages No:284-287][No of Hits : 1851]


ABSTRACT

Tooth surfaces with pits and fissures are particularly vulnerable to caries development. With the permanent dentition, caries involving the occlusal surfaces account for almost 60% of total caries in children and adolescents, although occlusal surfaces account for only 12.5% of total tooth surface. Dental sealants are preventive dental treatment where pit and fissure of primary or permanent molar and premolar are filled with plastic material. Fissure sealants (FSs) prevent the early intervention of dental caries before it reaches to end-stage called as cavitations. Mainly, the pit and fissure sealants (PFS) are to prevent developing caries, which is achieved by blocking the surface, and prevents bacteria from getting stuck to it.

Keywords: Cost-effectiveness, Occlusal surfaces, Pit and fissure sealants, Preventive dentistry.

How to cite this article: Mathew RA, Narayan A, Babu E, Oommen V, Ibrahim H, Fatima S. Pit and Fissure Sealants: A Recent Advancement. Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(4):284-287.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Krunal Chokshi, Achala Chokshi, Savant S Sebastian, Anshad Zaheer, Sreerag Mohan, RS Dhanya

Newer Nonfluoride Remineralizing Agents: An Insight

[Year:2016] [Month:October-December] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:4] [Pages:78] [Pages No:291-296][No of Hits : 1829]


ABSTRACT

Modern-day dentistry has shifted its focus from Black’s “extension for prevention” to prevention of extension, however, the current ideology of dentistry stresses on management of noncavitated carious lesions noninvasively through remineralization in an attempt to prevent disease progression, and to improve strength, esthetics, and function of teeth. The oral cavity is an arena involving constant fight between remineralizing and demineralizing factors. This relationship determines the integrity and strength of the tooth structure. The lopsidedness leads to rapid demineralization and decomposition of the tooth structure. In recent past an irrefragable explosion of fervor in technologies for remineralization of enamel and dentin or desensitization of exposed dentin affected by dental erosion has taken place. Remineralization is an innate repair process of reinstating ions back in the hydroxyapatite’s lattice structure. The fundamental aspect is the use of remineralizing agents to tooth structure to control the demineralization/ remineralization activity. The present review draws attention to the current components available for remineralization therapy and its application in clinical practice.

Keywords: Demineralization, Fluoride, Hydroxyapatite, Remineralizing agents.

How to cite this article: Chokshi K, Chokshi A, Sebastian SS, Zaheer A, Mohan S, Dhanya RS. Newer Nonfluoride Remineralizing Agents: An Insight. Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(4):291-296.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Satish Madathanapalli, Sanidhya Surana, Deepak Thakur, Pooja Ramnani, Sheetal Kapse

Physics Forceps vs Conventional Forceps in Extraction of Maxillary 1st Molar

[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:85] [Pages No:29-32][No of Hits : 1677]


ABSTRACT

In recent years, there has been an increased emphasis on the atraumatic removal of teeth. The Physics Forceps are the latest innovation in dental extraction technology and they provide an efficient means for atraumatic dental extractions. We compared the Physics Forceps with the conventional forceps for the removal of maxillary 1st molars in 30 patients under the following parameters time taken, postoperative pain on 3rd-5th-7th day, incidence of crown/root/buccal plate fracture during extraction. There was a significant difference pertaining to the time taken (p = 0.006) and pain on the 3rd postoperative day (p = 0.031). There were no other significant differences between the groups in any other variable studied. On comparing all of the aforementioned parameters, we have found that the utility of the instrument is better in comparison to the conventional forceps.

Keywords: Atraumatic extraction, Conventional forceps, Maxillary 1st molar, Physics forceps.

How to cite this article: Madathanapalli S, Surana S, Thakur D, Ramnani P, Kapse S. Physics Forceps vs Conventional Forceps in Extraction of Maxillary 1st Molar. Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(1):29-32.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Arjun K Gopinath, Joy R Das, Prasanth Panicker, Arun Narayanan

Open Reduction and Internal Fixation in Pediatric Mandibular Fractures: A Report of 10 Cases and Review of Literature

[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:85] [Pages No:11-15][No of Hits : 1485]


ABSTRACT

A pediatric facial trauma patient provides several different considerations that are not present in an adult. First, the pediatric patient has the advantage of an accelerated ability to heal in a very short time with few complications, aided by the well-vascularized tissues of the face. Second, through the assistance of growth and an inherent ability to adapt, recovery of damaged orofacial tissues and function is much better than in adults. The aim of this study was to prospectively analyze the effect of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) for treating various pediatric mandibular fractures and evaluating the advantages and disadvantages of ORIF along with the assessment of any complications in a series of 10 cases. We also reviewed various papers on pediatric mandibular fractures.

Keywords: Closed reduction, Malunion, ORIF, Pediatric mandibular fractures, Plate and screw system.

How to cite this article: Gopinath AK, Das JR, Panicker P, Narayanan A. Open Reduction and Internal Fixation in Pediatric Mandibular Fractures: A Report of 10 Cases and Review of Literature. Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(1):11-15.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: Noen


 
REVIEW ARTICLE
RS Dhanya, Archana P Betur, Aiswarya Bulusu, VJ Adarsh, Pramod V Koshy, Brilvin Pinto

Management of Biomedical Waste in Dental Clinics

[Year:2016] [Month:October-December] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:4] [Pages:78] [Pages No:288-290][No of Hits : 1331]


ABSTRACT

Dental waste can be hazardous to humans and the environment. Proper handling, treatment, and disposal of biomedical wastes are important elements of health care office. Properly designed and applied, waste management can be a relatively effective and an efficient compliance-related practice. Some wastes from health care facilities, however, are contaminated. If not disposed of properly, contaminated wastes may carry microorganisms that can infect the people who come in contact with the waste as well as the community at large. Care is required when disposing of clinical waste, to protect and maintain the immediate environment from contamination, and to ensure the safety of those who come into contact with it. It is time that the curriculum for medical, paramedical, and dental education give due importance to this vital issue.

Keywords: Biomedical waste, Dental clinics, Dental education, Waste management.

How to cite this article: Dhanya RS, Betur AP, Bulusu A, Adarsh VJ, Koshy PV, Pinto B. Management of Biomedical Waste in Dental Clinics. Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(4):288-290.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Soumen Mandal, Shriparna Biswas Mandal, Vaibhav Kamal, Avanindra Kumar, Kamna Gorka, Avanish Kumar

Physics Forceps: A New Sensation in Exodontia?

[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:85] [Pages No:45-47][No of Hits : 1320]


ABSTRACT

The study was conducted to investigate and compare the prevalence of complication (laceration of soft tissue) and time taken for a simple tooth extraction with the help of a universal extraction forceps and a physics forceps for mandibular singlerooted tooth. We organized a double-blind, randomized trial to compare the outcome of two groups (n = 50 mandibular single-rooted teeth). The physics forceps group had lower time coefficient (mean ± standard deviation of 1.868 ± 1.503), and when laceration was compared among the two groups, the p value came to be 0.032.

Aim: To evaluate and determine the efficacy of the physics forceps in nonsurgical mandibular single-rooted tooth extraction.

Keywords: Atraumatic extraction, Extraction forceps, Newer advancements, Operative complication, Physics forceps.

How to cite this article: Mandal S, Mandal SB, Kamal V, Kumar A, Gorka K, Kumar A. Physics Forceps: A New Sensation in Exodontia? Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(1):45-47.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Avanindra Kumar, Swami Nand Prasad, Vaibhav Kamal, Swati Priya, Mukesh Kumar, Avanish Kumar

Importance of Cheiloscopy

[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:85] [Pages No:48-52][No of Hits : 1171]


ABSTRACT

Background and objectives: The professional moral of a dental surgeon is not only to treat the oral diseases of the community but also to serve its other legal services. Forensic odontology needs dental records for forensic identification, involving different and less-known techniques. These data can probably be fast and reliable processes in comforting the system and a person’s life.

Keywords: Cheiloscopy, Forensic identification, Forensic odontology, Lip prints.

How to cite this article: Kumar A, Prasad SN, Kamal V, Priya S, Kumar M, Kumar A. Importance of Cheiloscopy. Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(1):48-52.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Anil K Tomer, Sagarika Muni, Gaurav Bharadwaj, Nidhi Malik

Broken File Retrieval: Puzzle in Endodontics

[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:85] [Pages No:75-78][No of Hits : 1103]


ABSTRACT

The most common endodontic mishap that eventually occurs during any root canal therapy is the separation of instrument inside the canal. The separated instrument influences the final outcome and prognosis of the root canal therapy. It hinders the cleaning and shaping procedures as well as the irrigation of the canal portion apical to the level of obstruction. When an attempt to bypass such a fragment becomes difficult, it is advised to retrieve it by mechanical devices. This clinical case report describes the usage of three different techniques for retrieval of separated instrument.

Keywords: Braiding technique, Instrument retrieval, Instrument separation.

How to cite this article: Tomer AK, Muni S, Bharadwaj G, Malik N. Broken File Retrieval: Puzzle in Endodontics. Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(1):75-78.

Source of support: Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, DJ College of Dental Science and Research Centre, Modinagar, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Krishna Prasada Lashkari, Rajana Raghunath

Assessment of the Influence of Vegetarian and Nonvegetarian Diet on the Occurrence of Dental Caries in Sullia, Karnatka, India

[Year:2016] [Month:October-December] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:4] [Pages:78] [Pages No:247-250][No of Hits : 1085]


ABSTRACT

Introduction: The outcomes of vegetarian diets on the oral health status could be various, but reports have so far mainly been studied for Western populations.

Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of vegetarian and nonvegetarian diets on the occurrence of dental caries in the Dakshina Kannada District population.

Materials and methods: In this study, 172 adult dentate and consenting individuals (79 females, 93 males) were included. Patients were subjected to clinical examination under natural light with the aid of mouth mirror, No. 23 explorer, and cotton rolls. The age of the study group ranged from 20 to 65 years. Demographic, diet, and other habit data were collected through personal interviews using a structured and validated questionnaire. The decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index (WHO modification, 1987) was used to assess caries experience in the study group.

Results: The mean DMFT score of people with nonvegetarian/ mixed diet was 2.99 ± 1.5 and of people with vegetarian diet was 5.4 ± 1.9, which indicated a significant association between the type of diet and the involvement of dental caries in the Dakshina Kannada population (p = 0.001).

Conclusion: This study throws light on the significant relationship of the vegetarian diet and dental caries experience in the population of Sullia Taluk. This information can be used to help counteract the potential increase in the cases of dental caries by designing preventive strategies for the persons at greatest risk.

Keywords: Dental caries, Diet, Humans, India, Vegetarian.

How to cite this article: Lashkari KP, Raghunath R. Assessment of the Influence of Vegetarian and Nonvegetarian Diet on the Occurrence of Dental Caries in Sullia Taluk Population, India. Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(4):247-250.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Sakshi Gupta, Sapna Rani, Arpit Sikri, Aditya Kapoor

Attachment Retained Cast Partial Denture: Conventional and Contemporary Treatment Perspectives

[Year:2016] [Month:October-December] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:4] [Pages:78] [Pages No:312-316][No of Hits : 1061]


ABSTRACT

Multiple missing teeth situation always claims careful attention and meticulous treatment planning. It becomes more challenging when unilateral or bilateral distal extension situation exists. Successful treatment can be done with some contemporary and conventional treatment planning. Implant-assisted prosthodontics has become contemporary choice of the replacement of the natural teeth, although conventional methods of fabrication of the removable partial denture continue to be an essential prosthetic consideration in many oral reconstructions, especially when implant therapy may not be used to replace missing natural teeth for some patients. Attachment retained partial denture has paved the way for such cases in prosthodontics. Attachment retained partial dentures last longer, wear less, need less adjustments, look better, work better, less destructive, protect abutment teeth, and are easier to clean. In this case report patient’s esthetic and functional requirements were fulfilled with attachment retained cast partial denture using semi-precision attachments.

Keywords: Cast partial, Distal extension, Implant therapy, Semi-precision attachment.

How to cite this article: Gupta S, Rani S, Sikri A, Kapoor A. Attachment Retained Cast Partial Denture: Conventional and Contemporary Treatment Perspectives. Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(4):312-316.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Shruti Jalan, Jogeswar Barman

Rehabilitation of Hemimaxillectomy Patient with Definite Hollow Characterized Obturator Prosthesis

[Year:2016] [Month:July-September] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:3] [Pages:74] [Pages No:216-219][No of Hits : 1040]


ABSTRACT

Surgical removal of benign or malignant tumors, congenital malformation, and trauma may lead to acquired maxillary defects. Surgery or trauma can result in cosmetic, functional, and psychological impairment greatly affecting the patient’s quality of life (QoL). Surgical reconstruction of the maxillary defects can be carried out by using either a temporal flap or a wide range of microvascularized flaps. Rehabilitation via palatal obturators to obturate a palatal defect in a dentulous or edentulous patient is one of the choices in restoring masticatory function and improving speech, deglutition, and facial appearance. Rehabilitation of such patients is quite challenging and requires a multidisciplinary team approach for comprehensive care and optimal posttreatment functional outcomes. Hence, it is crucial to work in close collaboration with the team members who make the prosthesis and who evaluate the case for planning the surgical procedures and obtaining the necessary anatomical and functional information.

Keywords: Acquired defects, Hollow obturators, Maxillectomy, Prosthetic rehabilitation.

How to cite this article: Jalan S, Barman J. Rehabilitation of Hemimaxillectomy Patient with Definite Hollow Characterized Obturator Prosthesis. Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(3):216-219.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Trisha Rastogi, Sugandha Sharma, Anurupa Singh, Anies Ahmed

Ozone Therapy: A Revolution in Dentistry

[Year:2016] [Month:July-September] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:3] [Pages:74] [Pages No:227-230][No of Hits : 957]


ABSTRACT

Most people possess a fear toward dentistry. On account of this fear, they avoid the dental treatment. In fact, people fear injections and drills that are used in dental clinics. But in recent time, dentistry has been experiencing a period of dynamic changes and growth, perhaps like no other time before. The use of ozone in dental treatment is the result of this dynamics and growth. Ozone (O3) gas discovered in the mid-19th century is a molecule consisting of three atoms of oxygen in a dynamically unstable structure due to the presence of mesomeric states. Although O3 has dangerous effects, yet researchers believe it has many therapeutic effects. Ozonized water, whose use is particularly known in dental medicine, is optimally applied as a spray or compress. Incorporation of ozone in dental clinic setup would eradicate the feeling of pain during dental treatment and also cut off the treatment time significantly. Scientific support, as suggested by demonstrated studies, for ozone therapy presents a potential for an atraumatic, biologically based treatment for conditions encountered in dental practice.

Keywords: Bleaching, Caries, Dentistry, Ozonated oil, Ozone.

How to cite this article: Rastogi T, Sharma S, Singh A, Ahmed A. Ozone Therapy: A Revolution in Dentistry. Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(3):227-230.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
CASE REPORT
Mukut Seal, Pratim Talukdar, Kartik Pendharkar, Amritaksha Bhattacharyya

Treatment of an Open Apex with One-visit Apexification using Mineral Trioxide Aggregate

[Year:2016] [Month:April-June] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:2] [Pages:85] [Pages No:142-145][No of Hits : 784]


ABSTRACT

A tooth with an open apex can pose an enigma to the most skilled practitioners. The lack of an apical stop complicates the obturation and achievement of good apical seal. Also these teeth tend to be more fragile due to thin walls. Calcium hydroxide has been routinely used in the past for apexification. But the disadvantages of long treatment time, fracture of teeth, and incomplete calcification of apical bridge have led to the development of newer biocompatible materials which can complete apexification in a single visit. One-visit apexification has been defined as the nonsurgical condensation of a biocompatible material into the apical end of root canal. Although different materials are available, because of its superior clinical properties and demonstrated clinical success, mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) remains the material of choice for forming an immediate apical barrier. This case report highlights the use of MTA for formation of apical barrier in a nonvital maxillary central incisor with open apex and obturation with custom-made gutta-percha.

Keywords: Apexification, Apical plug, Immature tooth, Mineral trioxide aggregate.

How to cite this article: Seal M, Talukdar P, Pendharkar K, Bhattacharyya A. Treatment of an Open Apex with One-visit Apexification using Mineral Trioxide Aggregate. Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(2):142-145.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
REVIEW STUDY
Sheetal Mali, Debjit Dhamali, Ankur Desai, Anirudh Singh, Anita Thakur, Rahul R Shetty

Antimicrobial Efficacy of Different Root Canal Sealers

[Year:2016] [Month:April-June] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:2] [Pages:85] [Pages No:131-133][No of Hits : 775]


ABSTRACT

Microorganisms are considered as the primary etiological agent in the spread of infection and destruction of carious teeth. Root filling of poor quality results in breakdown of periodontal tissue. There is a retarded or impaired periodontal tissue healing subsequent to periodontal therapy of endodontically treated teeth with periapical pathology. Antimicrobial agents are added to root canal sealers to improve their antibacterial effect. Several root canal sealers based on epoxy resin, calcium hydroxide, and zinc oxide eugenol are available; however, few sealers are effective against endodontic pathogens, especially strict anaerobes. The present review study compares the antimicrobial efficacy of different root canal sealers.

Keywords: Calcium hydroxide, Epoxy resin, Microorganism, Sealer, Zinc oxide eugenol.

How to cite this article: Mali S, Dhamali D, Desai A, Singh A, Thakur A, Shetty RR. Antimicrobial Efficacy of Different Root Canal Sealers. Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(2):131-133.

Sources of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Lenin Babu Thota, Gunaranjan T, Vamsee N Krishna, Meela Sridhar, Arunodaya EC Reddy, Koppolu Madhusudhana

Root Canal Morphology of Mandibular Central Incisors in Nellore Population

[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:85] [Pages No:8-10][No of Hits : 748]


ABSTRACT

Aims: To investigate the root canal morphology of mandibular central incisors in Nellore population using a canal staining and tooth-clearing technique.

Materials and methods: One hundred extracted mandibular central incisors were collected from dental clinics in Nellore. Following the preparation of access cavities, pulp tissue was removed and the canal systems were stained. The teeth were decalcified with 10 and 5% nitric acid, dehydrated with ascending concentrations of alcohol, and rendered clear by immersion in methyl salicylate. Cleared teeth were examined by the eye and the following features were evaluated: (i) number and type of root canals; (ii) presence and location of lateral canals; (iii) location of apical foramina; and (iv) frequency of apical deltas.

Results: The majority of mandibular central incisors had a single canal (72% of teeth possessed a Type I canal system). Although 28% of the roots possessed two canals, only 5% had two separate apical foramina.

Conclusion: The prevalence of two canals in this group of mandibular central incisors was 28% and is within the range of previous studies performed on populations of different racial origins.

Keywords: Clearing technique, Mandibular central incisors, Morphology, Root canal.

How to cite this article: Thota LB, T Gunaranjan, Krishna VN, Sridhar M, Reddy AEC, Madhusudhana K. Root Canal Morphology of Mandibular Central Incisors in Nellore Population. Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(1):8-10.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Avanindra Kumar, Mukesh Kumar, Vaibhav Kamal, Soumen Mandal, Kamna Gorka, Avanish Kumar

Debapriya Pradhan, Sachin C Gugawad, Namrata N Gaonkar Evaluation of the Salivary and Serum Glucose Levels in Diabetes Mellitus Patients: A Comparative Study

[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:85] [Pages No:39-44][No of Hits : 747]


ABSTRACT

Background and objectives: Diabetes mellitus is a common chronic metabolic disorder that affects millions of people. The prevalence of diabetes for all age groups worldwide was estimated to be 2.8% in 2000 and may reach 4.4% by 2030. Additionally, the diabetic population is expected to rise from 171 million in 2000 to 3666 million by 2030. Recent World Health Organization calculations indicated that worldwide almost 3 million deaths per year are attributed to diabetes, equivalent to 5.2% of all deaths. The objective of this study is to evaluate and compare the salivary and serum glucose levels in diabetes mellitus individuals.

Materials and methods: Two milliliter saliva and serum samples were collected. Both samples were centrifuged at 2000 rpm for 2 to 3 minutes. With the help of a micropipette, 1 ml of the glucose reagent was taken into the other test tube. Then 10 μl of the supernatant sample was taken out and added to the glucose reagent. This was kept in a temperature-controlled water bath at 37°C for 10 minutes. The color change was noted and the optical density was measured in a semiautoanalyzer.

Results: Glucose is present in saliva of both diabetic and nondiabetic subjects. Glucose level increases in diabetic patients.

Conclusion: Concentration of glucose in saliva increases with the increase in serum glucose concentration. A significant correlation was seen between salivary and serum glucose level in diabetic as well as nondiabetic subjects.

Keywords: Diabetes, Saliva, Serum.

How to cite this article: Kumar A, Kumar M, Kamal V, Mandal S, Gorka K, Kumar A. Evaluation of the Salivary and Serum Glucose Levels in Diabetes Mellitus Patients: A Comparative Study. Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(1):39-44.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Anil K Tomer, Satyabrat Banerjee, Gaurav Bhardwaj, Nidhi Malik, Sagarika Muni, Sandeep Rana

Comparative Evaluation of Apical Microleakage of Various Obturation Techniques using Single Cone Gutta-percha, Lateral Condensation, Obtura, Calamus and Thermafil by Dye Penetration Method

[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:1] [Pages:85] [Pages No:4-7][No of Hits : 715]


ABSTRACT

Aim: To determine the linear apical microleakage of various obturation techniques: Lateral condensation, single cone, obtura, calamus, and thermafil with different file systems using dye penetration.

Materials and methods: A total of 150 single canalled teeth were collected for this study. The teeth were prepared by three file systems and obturated with five obturation techniques. Dye penetration method was used for apical microleakage.

Results: Calamus and thermafil showed less leakage than other obturation techniques.

Conclusion: Both thermafil and calamus are reliable obturation techniques.

Keywords: Apical microleakage, Calamus, Lateral condenation, Obturation techniques, Thermafil.

How to cite this article: Tomer AK, Banerjee S, Bhardwaj G, Malik N, Muni S, Rana S. Comparative Evaluation of Apical Microleakage of Various Obturation Techniques using Single Cone Gutta-percha, Lateral Condensation, Obtura, Calamus and Thermafil by Dye Penetration Method. Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(1):4-7.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
L Krishna Prasad, Bhagat S Tanwar, K Naveen Kumar

Comparison of Calcium Hydroxide and Triple Antibiotic Paste as Intracanal Medicament in Emergency Pain Reduction: In vivo Study

[Year:2016] [Month:October-December] [Volumn:4 ] [Number:4] [Pages:78] [Pages No:244-246][No of Hits : 656]


ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of calcium hydroxide (CH) and triple antibiotic paste (TAP) as an intracanal medicaments in pain reduction.

Materials and methods: Thirty patients reporting to the Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, with chief complaint of emergency pain and planned for conventional root canal treatment will be randomly selected and were further divided into two test groups. Group I – receiving CH as intracanal medicament, and group II – receiving TAP as intracanal medicament. Preoperative pain will be recorded by the patient using visual analog pain scale. Interappointment pain will also be recorded in the same manner. Inclusion was limited to patients coming for emergency pain.

Results: The overall incidence of mean range of pain found in CH group (mean range of pain after 1 hour: 20.33 mean value) is significantly higher than TAP (10.67 mean value after 1 hour) with Mann–Whitney U test. This signifies that patients undergoing endodontic therapy with TAP carry high significant (twice) results in pain reduction with each visits.

Conclusion: Calcium hydroxide and TAP are effective in managing interappointment pain. Triple antibiotic paste is more effective than CH in preventing the occurrence of pain.

Keywords: Calcium hydroxide, Emergency pain, Intracanal medicament, Triple antibiotic paste.

How to cite this article: Prasad LK, Tanwar BS, Kumar KN. Comparison of Calcium Hydroxide and Triple Antibiotic Paste as Intracanal Medicament in Emergency Pain Reduction: In vivo Study. Int J Oral Care Res 2016;4(4):244-246.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None


 
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